Tag Archive | "Mortgage loan"

Simple Trick: Should I Pay Off My Mortgage in Half the Time? Comparing 15-Year Mortgages and 30-Year Mortgages.

Simple Trick: Should I Pay Off My Mortgage in Half the Time? Comparing 15-Year Mortgages and 30-Year Mortgages.

Pros of a 30-Year Fixed Mortgage

With interest rates at a historical lows, consumers are racing to refinance their homes. In many cases consumers reach for the traditional 30-year mortgage. This loan locks in the incredibly low rates we see today for thirty years and in most cases gives the consumer a much lower payment than they had before. This sounds great because with rate where they are there is not much lower they can go and certainly over the next 30 years we should expect rates to rise perhaps even dramatically if inflation were to rear its head. It certainly sounds like the 30 year fix mortgage is a great alternative to any adjustable rate loan offer that will most likely result in higher payments and interest to consumers in the future.

Wow! Look at the Interest You Pay over 30 years

What many consumers don’t realize is just how much they pay in interest over the term of their loan. Let’s take a $100,000 loan at 4.25% interest rate (Interest rates will vary based on credit and other factors). Over the 30 year term you pay $77,098 in interest on top of the $100,000 you borrowed. That is a 77% premium to your original loan amount. If we take a bigger loan say $625,000 you end up paying a whopping $481,250 in interest which is the same 77% premium to your original loan amount.

The 15-Year Fixed Mortgage – A Simple Trick

Now if you don’t like the idea of paying your bank all that interest here’s a simple solution. Consider a 15 year fixed mortgage. There are two big advantages to a 15 year fixed mortgage. First, the term is half as long so you will pay less interest because of this time element. Second, many lenders offer lower rates on 15 year fixed mortgages so you will pay less interest because of the lower rate.  Let’s go back to our examples. The $100,000 loan for 15 years now has an interest rate of 3.4% (Again interest rates will vary based on credit and other factors but for many lenders you will see a nice difference). In this case over the 15 year term you pay $27,797 in interest, a $49,302 savings in interest. If we take the bigger $625,000 loan the interest you pay is now $173,730, a $307,520 saving in interest.

The Price you Pay to Pay off your Loan in Half the Time

The 15-Year fixed mortgage is a great way to reduce the interest you pay to banks but is still is not for everyone. There is a price you pay to reduce the interest you pay and to have your home free and clear in half the time. One of the down sides to a 15 year mortgage is that your payments will be larger on a monthly basis then the 30 year mortgage because you are paying the loan down in 15 years vs 30 years. So in our $100,000 example you pay $492 per month with the 30 year mortgage and $218 more a month or $710 with the 15 year mortgage. In our $625,000 example you pay $3,074 per month with the 30 year mortgage and $1,363 more a month or $4,437 with the 15 year mortgage.

 Simple Trick: Should I Pay Off My Mortgage in Half the Time? Comparing 15 Year Mortgages and 30 Year Mortgages.

Posted in Debt Management, Refinancing, Your MortgageComments (0)

How Specifically Do Lenders Modify My Loan?

How Specifically Do Lenders Modify My Loan?

how do lenders modifiy loans How Specifically Do Lenders Modify My Loan?Overview
If you are a homeowner interested in and qualify for a loan modification, it is important to keep in mind that the lender is forgiving a portion of your debt. There are several types of loan modifications that a lender can offer you: interest rate, length of amortization, principal balance reduction for a first mortgage as well as for a second mortgage. Principal balance reduction is the most coveted approach of all loan modifications. Make sure to avoid quick fix loan modifications that may be offered to you such as a simple forbearance, short sale, deed in lieu, or temporary interest rate reduction. These types of loan modifications may seem appealing at first, but they will generally hurt you in the medium- to long-term.

While your home can be repossessed through foreclosure if payments are not made, the lender or the loan modification company cannot make any changes unless all individuals on the mortgage agree. Your notarized permission must be received to implement any changes.


Interest Rate
The simplest feature in a loan modification that can be adjusted by a lender is the interest rate. If the interest rate is lowered, so is the mortgage payment.

If you are a homeowner who originated a sub-prime short term adjustable rate mortgage several years ago at 5% and then saw it adjust to 9%, for example, you probably are having quite a bit of difficulty making the additional monthly payment. Now that loan modifications are more available from lenders, you have another option.

All lenders are willing to aggressively lower interest rates for loan modifications to qualified applicants when they are not requesting a reduction of the balance reduction of the mortgage or an increase in the length of amortization. A lower interest rate on the mortgage is the simplest, safest and most cost effective loan modification for lenders.

Length of Amortization
Length of amortization refers to how many years a borrower will be paying back the mortgage. The most typical timeframe is 30 years. The amortization does not reflect the length of time that the interest rate is fixed, just the total years that the mortgage will be repaid. For example, if you have a five-year adjustable rate mortgage amortized over 30 years, the interest rate will adjust after five years and can adjust up or down for the remaining 25 or until refinanced. In order to make payments more affordable, a lender may offer you the option to stretch out the loan modification payments over 40 or 50 years. This will lower your monthly payments considerably since you would now have an extra 10 or 20 years to pay off the loan modification. Any recalculation of the amortization is always done using round numbers. The options for loan modification are 30, 40 and occasionally 50 years.

Stretching out the amortization in a loan modification does not help the higher interest rates nearly as much as it helps the lower rates. During the mortgage boom, sub-prime lenders were much more inclined to offer longer amortization for loan modifications since they were qualifying the borrower with around the same payment as the 30-year loan but they were collecting 10 more years worth of interest.

Stretching out the amortization for a loan modification has additional benefits. Borrowers who paid interest only payments for the first few years were not paying down any principal. That means that your loan lost a year of amortization each year. Therefore, if you were to have kept your loan, it would have converted after the interest only period into a fully amortized fixed loan of usually 20 or 25 years. Those payments are enormous compared to the new 40- or 50-year term. Lengthening the years of repayment in a loan modification might be helpful but usually not enough to turn around a troubled homeowner’s financial situation.

Principal Balance Reduction
The principal balance reduction is the most coveted of all loan modifications. The lender is forgiving a portion of your debt. Simply speaking, you just do not owe that money any more. Banks and lenders are very reticent to do this because this is a loss that is not recoverable and therefore not given away easily.

When banks or lenders do grant a principal balance reduction, it is because the value of the property is so much less than the balance owed that there is no reason for the homeowner to remain. If you owe $500,000 on a $400,000 property, would you want to pay those huge mortgage payments only to realize that you are still upside down? Even if you were to wait it out until the market recovers, you would not know how long it would be until the property value appreciates to $500,000 again. It would be wiser to walk away from the home, take the credit hit, and rent a very similar house down the street for half the monthly payment.

Principal balance reductions help in more ways than just reducing your debt. It also reduces your payments and the amount of interest you pay over the life of the loan.

Principal Balance Reduction involving a 1st and 2nd Mortgage
Principal balance reductions are much easier to get when you have a first and a second mortgage because in the instance of a foreclosure, the lender of the second mortgage is likely to get nothing. The proceeds from a foreclosure will result in the first mortgage getting paid off first. Then whatever is left over goes to the holder of the second trust. Holders of second mortgages are absorbing massive losses while recuperating nothing. Since lenders realize this, they are much more likely to grant a reduction. The banks or lenders would rather get 10 to 20 cents on the dollar rather than nothing. If you cannot make your payments, you are going to lose your house. Lenders are going to do what it takes to prevent that. If the same lender owns your first and second mortgages, you are in the overall best position for a principal balance reduction.

 How Specifically Do Lenders Modify My Loan?

Posted in All About Loan ModificationComments (0)

What is a Loan Modification?

What is a Loan Modification?

loan modification or refi1 What is a Loan Modification?

Loan modification is a process whereby a homeowner’s mortgage is adjusted and both lender and borrower are bound by the new terms. The mortgage terms are adjusted because the borrower is unable to make payments under the original agreement or because the value of the property is worth less than the borrower owes on the mortgage.

When homeowners fall behind on their payments, they are faced with a few very tough choices: foreclose, deed in lieu of title, short sale or loan modification. Loan modification is the only one of these options that does not force the borrower to vacate their home. Loan modifications are designed with three basic objectives in mind:

• Offer proactive workout solutions designed to address borrowers who have the willingness but limited capacity to pay.

• Provide borrowers the opportunity to stay in their home while making an affordable payment for the life of the loan.

• Ensure investor interests are protected; loan modification must always result in a positive net present value outcome for the investor; the cost of the loan modification must be less than the estimated cost of foreclosure.

Banks will allow certain changes to be modified for borrowers who can document the ability to repay the loan in a reasonable and sustained manner. The most common loan modifications are:

• temporarily or permanently lowering the interest rate,
• reducing the principal balance
• ‘fixing’ adjustable interest rates
• adding an interest only option
• increasing the loan term (i.e., from 30 to 40 years)
• a forbearance agreement
• forgiveness of payment defaults and fees

… or any combination of these changes.

Loan modifications are designed with payment levels so that the borrower can consistently make his mortgage payment as well as pay his other bills. Mortgage payments within an arranged loan modification are not intended to consume an entire monthly budget. Lenders will generally take the homeowner’s entire budget into consideration i.e. car payment, cell phone, utilities, credit card payments, and other necessary expenses needed to live a normal life while still maintaining a reasonable mortgage payment. With loan modifications, the benchmark ratio for calculating a borrower’s affordable payment is 38 percent of monthly gross household income.

A loan modification is a negotiation between your modification company and the primary lender (a bank or other financial institution). Your modification company will present the lender with a proposal backed up by your documented income and monthly expenses, which includes both hard and soft expenses. Soft expenses are difficult to document. Your modified monthly mortgage payment is determined by the difference between your total income and your expenses.
Great! I know what a Loan Modification is now. Do I Qualify?

Until you go through the process it is difficult to say if you qualify. Ideal candidates have a number of the following characteristics:

  • An interest rate above 6.9%
  • Unaffordable Payements
  • An Ajustable Rate Loan
  • Are Deliquent on Payments
  • Are Currently in Forclosure
  • Have Negative Equity in their Home
 What is a Loan Modification?

Posted in All About Loan ModificationComments (0)